Mariachi, Caballo, y Tequila!

A popular adage says that to say Jalisco is to say "mariachi, horses (charro horseman), and tequila", because this state of Mexico is the birthplace and home of all three traditions.  Jalisco is also home to "its bride" Guadalajara, capital city and the crowning jewel of the state.  After a visit to Guadalajara, I would like to modify the old adage to the following:  Jalisco es Mariachi, Caballo, Tequila y Arte!

Catedral Basílica de la Asunción.  Work on the Cathedral spanned 3 centuries, and it is evident in the different styles amalgamated on its facades, ranging from the Mudejar, to the Baroque, to the Neoclassical.

Teatro Degollado.  The theatre, inaugurated in 1866, is Neoclassical in style, and has survived the course of time with few changes to its original character.

Palacio de Justicia.  The Justice Hall was built as part of the Convent of Santa María de Gracia in 1588.

Biblioteca Iberoamericana Octavio Paz, Universidad de Guadalajara.  This building first functioned as church for the Jesuit College of Santo Tomás de Aquino, founded in 1591.  In 1792, after the Jesuit order was expelled from Spain and its Colonies, the church became the seat for the Royal University of Guadalajara. 

The way the Library sits in the square today reminds me of Saint Paul's Church in Covent Garden.  There is something very European and very urban about this place.  This is not a building that one observes at the end of an endless boulevard or a great open plaza; this is a building (and a square) that one discovers after walking through a series of narrow streets.  It is one of the more intimate public spaces in Guadalajara, and though it is not quiet, there is a certain calm that emanates from the order of the space and the architecture.  Please note the pavement on the Plaza: Dark grey basaltic stone field (which is used throughout the Historic Center), and light grey granite borders, not dissimilar to the pavement at Piazza San Marco in Venice.  Needless to say that this was one of my favorite places in the whole city.

Interior of the Biblioteca Iberoamericana Octavio Paz.

Guadalajara's Historic Center, much like her Cathedral, is a mixture of different architectural styles:

The Neo-Mudejar.  Apartments and shops.

The Beaux Arts.  Wrought iron bandstand at the Plaza the Armas, brought from France in 1910.

The Gothic.  Templo Expiatorio del Santísimo Sacramento, began in 1897.

The Sublime.  Entrance Hall of the Teatro Degollado.

Indeed, the rarest pearl in all of Jalisco is Guadalajara!

All images by NPL unless otherwise noted.



pranogajec said...

Great photos. I must put this city on my list of to-dos...

pranogajec said...

And very interesting that the Gothic church was begun in 1897. Wonder what the story is behind that...

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